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Income Tax; Corporate Income Tax; International Taxation; Tax Policy; Taxation of Non-profit Organizations; Tax Planning.
LL.B. (cum laude), Hebrew University (1982);
Doctoral Program (cum laude), Hebrew University (1983);
Ph.D. Hebrew University (1987);
Clerk to Justice M. Elon, Israel Supreme Court (1982);
Admitted to the Israeli Bar (1983);
Visiting Scholar, Tax and Fiscal Program, Harvard Law School , (1988-1990);
Visiting Scholar, Harvard Law School (Spring 2002)
Scholar in Residence, Columbia Law School (2012)
Director, The Harry and Michael Sacher Institute of Legislative Research, Faculty of Law, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (Since 2012)
Member of various tax forums and committees (Since 1992).
Member, National Committee for Comprehensive Tax Reform (1999-2000).
General Reporter, International Fiscal Association Congress on “Taxation of Non-Profit Organizations” (1999)
Member, Tax Committee, Israel Bar Association (since 1995).
Chairman, Committee on Kibbutz Reorganization (1995).
Chairman, Israel National Advisory Committee on Trade Levies (1991-1996).
Chief Assistant to the General Counsel of the Income Tax Administration (1983-1984)
Chairman, Israel National Advisory Committee on Trade Levies (1991-1996).
Advisory Board - Tax Law Policy; International and Comparative Tax Journal (U.S.A). (Since 2000)
Editorial Board - Civil Society and the Third Sector in Israel (2005-)
International V.A.T. Monitor (The Netherlands ) (1990-1995).
Editorial Board - The Israeli Tax Review (1987-1989; 1997-2000).
Editor in Chief - The Hebrew University Law Review [Mishpatim] (1982).
Editorial Board - The Hebrew University Law Review [Mishpatim] (1981).
Golda Meir Prize, 1986; Perlman Prize, Harvard University, 1990; Bar Ilan University, Commercial Center Prize, 1997; The Hebrew University Pize for Excellenc, 2010
1990-1993: Faculty of Law, University of Leeds, England, LL.B. with EC Law (First Class Honours – top 1%), received July 1993. Within the framework of the above LL.B. degree - KU Leuven, Belgium, Erasmus Exchange Programme, 1991-1992 (First Class Honours – top 5%);
1993-1994: Faculty of Law and Wolfson College, University of Cambridge, England, LL.M. in Commercial Law (First Class Honours – top 7%), received July 1994;
1998-2002: Faculty of Law and St. John’s College, University of Cambridge, Ph.D. in Law (The EC Anti-Dumping Policy: Turning a Blind Eye to Competition Policy Considerations?), approved June 2003, supervisors - Daniel Bethlehem, Q.C, Eleanor Sharpston, Q.C., University of Cambridge.
G. Harpaz (2006), 'The Israeli Supreme Court in Search of Universal Legitimacy' 65(1) Cambridge Law Journal 7;
G. Harpaz (2009), 'The European Court of Justice and its Relations with the European Court of Human Rights: the Quest for Enhanced Reliance, Coherence and Legitimacy', 46/1 Common Market Law Review, 105;
G. Harpaz (2009), 'Judicial Review by The European Court of Justice of UN "Smart Sanctions" Against Terror in the Kadi Dispute', 14/1 European Foreign Affairs Review, 65;
G. Harpaz and A. Shamis (2010), 'Normative Europe and the State of Israel: An Illegitimate Eurotopia?', 48/3 Journal of Common Market Studies, 579-616;
G. Harpaz (2011), 'The Role of Dialogue in Reflecting and Constituting International Relations: The Causes and Consequences of a Deficient European-Israeli Dialogue', 37/4 Review of International Studies 1857;
G. Harpaz (2015), ‘The EU Funding of Israeli Non-Governmental Human Rights Organisations: When EU External Governance Meets a Domestic Counter-Strategy’, 20/2 European Foreign Affairs Review;
G. Harpaz and Yuval Shany (2010), 'The Israel Supreme Court and the Incremental Expansion of the Scope of Discretion under Belligerent Occupation Law', 43/3 Israel Law Review 514.
Karayanni, Michael, (2020), A Multicultural Entrapment: Religion & State among the Palestinian-Arabs in Israel (Cambridge University Press, 2020)
Karayanni, Michael, (2014), Conflicts in a Conflict: A Conflict of Laws Study on Israel and the Palestinian Territories (Oxford University Press, New York, 2014);
Karayanni, Michael, (2004). Forum Non Conveniens in the Modern Age: A Comparative and Methodological Analysis of Anglo-American Law (Transnational Publishers, Ardsley, New York, 2004);
Karayanni, Michael, (forthcoming, 2021) The Private International Law of Class Actions: A Functional Approach, Recueil des Cours (The Hague Academy of International Law, forthcoming 2021)
Karayanni, Michael, (2018) Multiculturalism as Covering: On the Accommodation of Minority Religions in Israel, 66 American Journal of Comparative Law 831 (2018);
Karayanni, Michael (2016). Groups in Context: An Ontology of a Muslim Headscarf in a Nazareth Catholic School and a Sephardic Ultra-Orthodox Student in Immanuel, 41 Law & Social Inquiry 973 (2016);
Karayanni, Michael (2016). Tainted Liberalism: Israel’s Palestinian-Arab Millets, 23 Constellations 71 (2016);
Karayanni, Michael, Access to Justice Ascends to International Civil Litigation: The Case of Palestinian Plaintiffs before Israeli Courts, 33 Civil Justice Quarterly 41 (2014);
Karayanni, Michael,Two Concepts of Group Rights for the Palestinian-Arab Minority under Israel's Constitutional Definition as a 'Jewish and Democratic' State, 10 I.Con. International Journal of Constitutional Law 304 (2012);
Karayanni, Michael, The Case for a State Forum Non Conveniens Standard, 90 Texas L. Rev. See Also 223 (2012);
Karayanni, Michael, In the Best Interests of the Group, The Religious Matching Requirement under Israeli Adoption Law, 3 Berkeley Journal of Middle Eastern & Islamic Law 1 (2010);
Karayanni, Michael, Choice of Law under Occupation: How Israeli Law Came to Serve Palestinian Plaintiffs, 5 Journal of Private International Law 1 (2009);
Karayanni, Michael, Adjudicating Culture, 47 Osgoode Hall Law Journal 371 (2009);
Karayanni, Michael,The Quest for Creative Jurisdiction:The Evolution of Personal Jurisdiction Doctrine of Israeli Courts towards the Palestinian Territories, 29 Michigan Journal of International Law 665 (2008);
Karayanni, Michael, Ne me parlez plus du multiculturalisme! Despropriétés du multiculturalisme et de la minorité arabo-palestinienne en Israël, 215 Diogène 38 (2006) (Presses Universitaires de France) (French);
Mordechai Kremnitzer was born in 1948 in Germany. He completed his bachelor’s degree at the Faculty of Law of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and in 1981 completed his doctorate at the Faculty. His doctorate thesis was entitled “Structural and Organizational Principles of the Specific Offenses.” Over the years he has served as a guest lecturer and scholar at various universities in Israel, Europe, and the United States. He also served as dean of the Faculty of Law in the years 1990-1993.
Kremnitzer is an admired and leading researcher in the fields of criminal and constitutional law. His important contribution to the study of law has been manifested in diverse fields, including: the principles of criminal law, freedom of expression, judicial activism and the role of the Supreme Court in Israeli society, German law, law and national security, and so forth. His public activities have included membership of a large number of public committees, including the Committee to Examine Offenses of Manslaughter, which he headed. Kremnitzer also drafted the general section of the penal code prepared by Prof. Feller. Kremnitzer served as president of the Press Council and is the deputy president of the Israel Democracy Institute. In 2003 he was awarded the Zeltner Prize for Legal Research.
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Prof. Ruth Lapidoth (née Eschelbacher) is Greenblatt Professor Emeritus at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. She was born in Germany in 1930 and immigrated to Palestine in 1938. She studied law at the Hebrew University, and did post-graduate studies in Paris (Ph.D. at the Law School, and Diplôme at the Institut des Hautes Etudes Internationales of the University of Paris). From 1956 until 2001 she taught at the Hebrew University (since 1980 as Full Professor), in the field of international law, the law of the sea, and the Arab-Israel conflict and its resolution.
In addition, she has taught and done research at various institutions abroad: the University of Paris (1971), the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington, D.C. (1973-1974), New York University School of Law (1976-1977), the Center for the Study of Marine Policy at the University of Delaware (1976-1977), the University of Geneva (1977), the Bellagio Study and Conference Center (1978 and 1993), the University of Southern California (1982-1983), Tulane (1986) and Northwestern (1987) Universities, Duke University School of Law (1989), United States Institute of Peace (1990-1991), Georgetown University Law Center (1992, 1993,1997 and 2011), the Institute of Public Law and International Relations of Thessaloniki (1995), St. Antony’s College, Oxford (1996-1997), the Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich (1999-2000 and 2003) and the University of Melbourne (2000).
During 1984-1986 she was Chairman of the Editorial Board of the Israel Law Review, and during 1985-1989 served as Chairman of the Israel Universities Study Group for Middle Eastern Affairs. During 1994-1996 she was the Director of the Institute for European Studies at the Hebrew University.
In addition to her academic career, she has been active in the diplomatic field: she was a member of the Delegation of Israel to the United Nations (1976) as well as to the Humanitarian Law Conference (1977) and the Red Cross Conference (1981). She has participated in part of the negotiations for the Peace Treaty between Egypt and Israel (1979), and was the Legal Adviser to the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Israel (1979-1981). In 1999 she was invited to join a group of experts that advised the High Commissioner on National Minorities of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. She is a member of the Israel Council of Foreign Relations.
Her judicial activity involved her membership in the arbitration panel established in order to solve a boundary dispute between Egypt and Israel, including the Taba area (1986-1988). Since 1989 she is a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague.
Professor Lapidoth has written nine books and more than a hundred articles dealing with questions of international law, the law of the sea, human rights, autonomy, the Arab-Israel conflict and its resolution, and Jerusalem.
She is the 2000 recipient of the Prominent Woman in International Law award from the WILIG group of the American Society of International Law. In 2001 she received the Gass Prize for her contribution to research on Jerusalem. In 2004 the Israel Bar Association awarded her the “Women in Law” Award for her special achievements in legal academic research. In 2006 she received the Israel Prize for excellence in Legal Research. In 2018 she received Lifetime Achievement Award of the Israeli Association for International Studies.
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1965-1970 Yeshivah, “Kerem B’Yavneh”
1970-1974 LL.B. (with distinction), Faculty of Law, Hebrew University
1974-1975 Clerkship, The Supreme Court of Israel (Judge I. Kister) and the District Attorney of Jerusalem (M. Kirsch)
1975 - Member of the Israeli Bar Association
1977 M.A. (with distinction), Talmud, The Hebrew University (Topic: Third Chapter of Tractate Ketubot [BT], Text and Exegsis. Supervisor: Prof. E. Sh. Rosenthal)
1979 Dr. Juris. (summa cum laude), Hebrew University. (Topic: One Does Not Receive Both the Death Penalty and Payment. (Supervisor: Prof. Menahem Elon).
1971-1987 A member of the Institute for Research in Jewish Law, Faculty of Law, Hebrew University
1972-1979 Assistant teacher and Instructor, Faculty of Law, Hebrew University
1979-1983 Lecturer, Faculty of Law, Hebrew University
1980-1981 Lecturer, the Department of Talmud, Hebrew University
1983-1988 Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Law, Hebrew University
1983-1984 Research Fellow, Harvard University
1984 Member of the Faculty Disciplinary Court, The Hebrew University
1986-2001 Member of the Acadmic commitee of the Institute for Research in J. Law
1989-1996 Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, The Hebrew University
1990-1996 Member of the Codification Committee, Ministry of Justice
1991-1993 Vice-Dean, Faculty of Law, The Hebrew University
1992-1996 Associate Professor, The College of Management
1994-1996 Dean, Faculty of Law, The Hebrew University
1994 Member of the Committee on the Clerkship Problem in Israel
1995- The Harkavy Chair for Comparative Law
1994 - Member of the Academic Committee of The Jewish Law Association
1995-2001 Chairman of the Academic Committee of the Institute for Research in Jewish Law, The Hebrew University
1995-2001 Member of the Academic Committee of the Silbert Institute, The Hebrew University
1996 Full Professor, The Hebrew University
1996- Academic Committee of the Center for Teaching Jewish Culture in the Diaspora
1996-2000 President (Hon.), The Jewish Law Association
1996-2000 President, Disciplinary Court, The Hebrew University
1996-1998 Chairman of the Board of Directors, The College of Law, Ramat Gan
1996-1999 Chairman of the Central Admission Committee of the Hebrew University
1997- Member of the Hon. Presidency of the Movement for the Quality of Government in Israel
1997- 2007 Professor, College of Law, Ramat-Gan
1998- Member of the Committees of Scientific Literature and Jewish Stusies, The Bialik Institute, Jerusalem
1999- Member of the Curatorion, The Bialik Institute, Jerusalem
1999 - Memoriak Foundation for Jewish Culture
2000 - 2001 Sabbatical year, Penn U., The Center for Jewish Studies
2001-2004 Director, the Institute for Research in Jewish Law, Faculty of Law, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
2001- Member of the Academic Council, Orot Israel College of Education
2001-2004 Person in charge of the prosecution of the academic staff, The Heb. U.
2002- Member of the Hight Committee of Appointments, The Hebrew University
2004- Member of the Senate, Hebrew University
2005- Member of Search Committee for Rector, Hebrew University
2005 - Member of the committee for the draft of a Constitution for the State of Israel, The Institute for Zionist Strategies, Jerusalem
2006 - 2007 Director, The Harry Sacher Institute
2007 - Professor, Sharei Mishpat College of Law
2007 - Member of the Accademic Committee of the World Congress of Jewish Studies
2007 - Member of the Committee of Appointments for tenure positions
2009 - Chairman of the Accademic Committee of The Harry Sacher Institue
2009 - Member of the Senate, Heb. U.
4.2011- Head, the Institute for Research in Jewish Law
1973 The Webber Prize
1975 The Amitay Prize
1976 The Urbach Prize
1977 The Jacob Herzog Prize
1980 The Warburg Prize
1981 The Zilberg Prize
1983 The Shnarch Prize
1986 The Duchan Prize
1989 The Rosenthal Prize
1971-1975 Mishpatim (1974-1976, Vice-Editor)
1982- Shenaton Ha Mishpat HaIvri (2001-2003 Editor-in-Chief; 2007-2009 Co-Editor)
1998- The Jewish Law Annual - Editor-in-Chief
2000-2004 Shanna be’ Shanna
Dr. M. Vigoda
Dr. Y. Brand
Dr. Y. Cohen
Dr. Sh. Wosner
Dr. B. Cahana
M. Vigoda; Sh. Wosner; Ch. Goldberg
Islamic Law ,Inter-Religious Law and Comparative Studies.
M.A., Queen’s College Oxford (1964); L.L.M., London School of Economics (1966); Dr.Juris., Hebrew University of Jerusalem (1976).
Full Professor since 2001; Director of the Institute, 1986-9, 2000-3
Member of Israel Bar and Inner Temple, London.
Visiting Fellow at: Center for Studies in Criminology and Criminal Law, University of Pennsylvania (1975-6); National Institute of Justice, Washington, D.C. (1981-2); Institute ofCriminology, University of Cambridge (1992); Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, Wolfson College, Oxford (1997); Human Rights Program, HarvardLaw School (2000); Wadham College, Oxford (2003-4).
Founding editor of International Review of Victimology; other editorial board positions have included Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology,Journal of Quantitative Criminology, Interdisciplinary Review of Children’s Rights.
Member of Scientific Commission, International Society of Criminology; Acting Chairperson, Israel Society of Criminology. Former Chair, Legal Committee of Prisoner Rehabilitation Council.
“Third Parties”: Victims and the Criminal Justice System, Ohio StateUniversity Press, Columbus, OH, 1996.
Children’s Rights and Traditional Values (ed, with G. Douglas), Dartmouth,
“Victims’ Rights and Legal Strategies: Israel as a Case Study”, Criminal Law Forum,
Vol.11, 2000, pp. 47-100
“When is a Prisoner not a Prisoner? ‘Service Work’ in Israel – and in Britain?”
Criminal Law Review, July 2001, pp.543-559.
“Child Protection or Child Liberation? Reflections on the
Movement to Ban Physical Punishment by Parents and Educators”,
International Review of Victimology , Vol. 12, 2005, pp.159-187.
“Formal and Informal Conflict Resolution in International Criminal Justice”, in H-J Albrecht et al.(eds.), Conflicts and Conflict Resolution in Middle Eastern Societies – Between Tradition and Modernity, Duncker and Humblot, Berlin, 2006, pp. 25-43.
Prof. Nadera Shalhoub-Kevorkian is the Lawrence D. Biele Chair in Law at the Faculty of Law-Institute of Criminology and the School of Social Work and Public Welfare at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Global Chair in Law- Queen Mary University of London. Her research focuses on trauma, state crimes and criminology, surveillance, gender violence, law and society. She studies the crime of femicide and other forms of gendered based violence, violence against children in conflict ridden areas, crimes of abuse of power in settler colonial contexts, surveillance, securitization and social control.
Shalhoub-Kevorkian is the author of numerous books among them “Militarization and Violence Against Women in Conflict Zones in the Middle East: The Palestinian Case Study” published in 2010; “Security Theology, Surveillance and the Politics of Fear”, published by Cambridge University Press, 2015. She just published a new book examining Palestinian childhood entitled: “Incarcerated Childhood and the Politics of Unchilding”, and a new edited book entitled: Understanding Campus-Community Partnerships in Conflict Zones”, and is currently co-editing two new book on the sacralization of politics and its effect on human suffering, and Islam and gender based violence.
She has published articles in multi-disciplinary fields including British Journal of Criminology, Feminist Studies, Ethnic and Racial Studies, State Crime, Violence Against Women, Social Science and Medicine, Signs, Law & Society Review, International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies. As a resident of the old city of Jerusalem, Shalhoub-Kevorkian is a prominent local activist. She engages in direct actions and critical dialogue to end the inscription of power over Palestinian children’s lives, spaces of death, and women’s birthing bodies and lives