Ruth Lapidoth was born in Germany in 1930. She completed her master’s degree in law cum laude as one of the first class of students at the Faculty of Law of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. She served as an intern at the Supreme Court and received her license to practice law in 1954. In the years 1954-1956 she specialized in international law at the University of Paris, where she received her doctor’s degree. Lapidoth later also received a diploma from the Institute for Higher International Studies in Geneva (1960). In 1956 she joined the Faculty of Law at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where she taught numerous courses in the field of international law and published dozens of books and articles in the field. In the diplomatic field Lapidoth served as a member of Israeli diplomatic delegations to the United Nations General Assembly and to international committees. She participated in the negotiations for the peace treaty between Israel and Egypt and for the establishment of the multinational force in Sinai. In the years 1979-1981 she served as the legal advisor to the Foreign Ministry, and later (1988) she was a member of the arbitration team that resolved the border dispute between Israel and Egypt in the Taba area In 2000 Lapidoth won the American Society for International Law’s award for Prominent Women in International Law. In 2001 she received the Edna and Oscar Gass Prize for her contribution to the study of Jerusalem, and in 2004 she won an award from the Israel Bar for her special achievements in the academic study of law. In 2006 Lapidoth won the Israel Prize for Legal Research for her academic and public work.
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